glossary

Library support staff filling in a form.

Learn about terms frequently used by FALSC's library community.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

AaL

Ask a Librarian, administered by the Tampa Bay Library Consortium, provides Florida residents with virtual reference services through live chat and text messaging.

AIP

Archival Information Package – contents of a SIP, plus any saved transformed versions of the data files in the SIP or AIP, plus metadata pertaining to these objects stored in the FLVC Digital Archive Management System (DAMS).

Alma

The next generation integrated library system software product from ExLibris group.

Aleph

Integrated library system software product from ExLibris.

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

APEX

Application Expresss, a web application development tool from Oracle used for report generation.

Application

A component of a product. A piece of software designed to perform a specific task. For example, the ILS is a product while Cataloging and Circulation modules are applications.

Archives Florida

A statewide, shared database of EAD-encoded archival finding aids. Any Florida institution with archival holdings can participate. These finding aids describe the contents of some of the collections of organizational records and personal papers held in Florida archives.

Archon

An open-source archives management software used in the Digital Services Program. It  is a software tool for curators of archives and manuscript collections. It is used to create EAD finding aids, linked authority records for creators and subject headings, and other information. EADs created in Archon can be displayed in Archon and/ or exported for import into Archives Florida. FLVC hosts and maintains Archon installations for libraries on request.

ARROW

Ad-hoc Report Request Over the Web, a collection of reports from FLVC-housed databases currently used primarily by the SUS libraries.

ASIST

American Society for Information in Science and Technology

Automated Vendor Stats (AVS)

An automated library service that pulls the statistics from various e-resource vendor’s administrative modules into a consolidated view for each institution. 

BoG

Florida Board of Governors

CFPP

Complete Florida Plus Program

CIA

Council on Instructional Affairs , the group of the primary academic officers within the Florida College System and serves at the direction of the Council of Presidents (COP).  They direct the work of the Learning Resources Standing Committee (LRSC).

CIO

Council of Information Officers, an organization composed of the chief information technology officers within the Florida College System. Also Chief Information Officer.

CIP

Contributed Information Package, contributed data files, along with any descriptor, submitted by an owner for archiving into the FDA. See also SIP.

Cloud computing/services

A term used to refer to a model of network computing where a program or application runs on a connected server or servers rather than on a local computing device.

CNI

Coalition for Networked Information

COBA

Council of Business Affairs, a Florida College System organization comprised of the chief business officers of the colleges.

Collection Management and eResources Standing Committee

An FLVC advisory committee charged to:

  • Recommend which e-resources will be licensed for all college and university libraries.
  • Correlate available dollars with the ability to maintain subscriptions, and prioritize if funds will be insufficient to maintain current subscriptions.
  • Recommend more permanent committees and task forces necessary to analyze and build joint FCS/SUS library collections.
  • Coordinate with relevant FLVC staff and other committees and report to the Executive Committee.

College and Career Readiness Evaluation (CCRE)

FLVC website functionality that compares high school transcript information against current requirements for graduation, scholarships, and state university admissions.

Content Access Service (CASE)

A service from Innovative Interfaces that makes available comprehensive data, covering tens of thousands of titles across hundreds of information packages. In this way, your library gets the exactpart of the information universe it needs accurately, without concern for missing links or resources that can result in failed patron searches. CASE provides critical access points such as title, ISSN, date range, and URLs. The database is updated continuously.

COP

Florida College System Council of Presidents

COUNTER

Counting Online Usage of NeTworked Electronic Resources

CPC

Collection Planning Committee a CSUL subcommittee

CRL

Center for Research Libraries,makes unique and unusual collections available free to member institutions and for a fee to non-members. Their catalogs, "CRL records," are provided for loading into member library catalogs.

CRM (Customer Relationship Management)

Customer Relationship Management, a system for managing a company’s interactions with current and future customers; FLVC uses Microsoft Dynamics CRM system for managing contacts, communications, and pending work.

CSUL

Council of State University Libraries, the directors of SUS libraries.

CWIS

Collection Workflow Integration System is software from the Internet Scout Project to assemble, organize, and share collections of data about resources, conforming to international and academic standards for metadata.

DAITSS

Dark Archive In The Sunshine State, used for the Florida Digital Archive (FDA) at FLVC.  It is an open source preservation repository software application used by the Florida Digital Archive. DAITSS provides automated support for the functions of Submission, Ingest, Archival Storage, Access, Withdrawal, and Repository Management.

DAMS

Digital Archive Management System, database that provides descriptive and administrative metadata about logical objects and data files stored in the FDA at FLVC.

DDA

Demand driven acquisition, also referred to as patron-driven acquisition (PDA), is a method used by libraries for collection development where monographs are purchased at their point of need when selected by users from a pool of potential titles.

Database Administrator (DBA)

The database administrator is responsible for databases, both cloud-based and on-premises, supporting product and application functionality.

Decision Center

A comprehensive collection management solution which is part of the next gen ILS from Innovative Intefaces,  that provides timely and focused action recommendations for budgeting, selection, weeding, floating, shelving allocation, and more. Decision Center helps libraries match supply and demand to deliver optimized service. By accessing current and complete data—including circulation, holds, transits, patrons, and acquisitions—Decision Center provides courses of action that help your library create customer-driven collections while streamlining collection management workflows.

DIP

Dissemination Information Packages, output from FDA.

Digital Initiatives Standing Committee

An FLVC advisory committee charged to:

  • Provide recommendations to the FLVC MCLS regarding all technical aspects of digital collection building, digitization, and/or digital production, digital curation, and digital services in support of scholarship.
  • Provide a forum for discussion, promote best practices, explore opportunities for collaboration among interested FLVC libraries, and leverages the collective capacity of the colleges and universities for digital initiatives and services.

Discovery Tool

A tool for doing a combined search for resources, including books, articles and digital resources, offering  additional services beyond ILS such as a "did you mean?" function, spelling recommendations, social tagging, list making, review writing, and user ratings.

Distance Learning and Student Services Team (DLSS)

An internal FLVC team charged to investigate, prioritize recommend, and coordinate implementation and delivery of distance learning and student services.

DLLI

A courier service administered by the Tampa Bay Library Consortium to transmit resources between libraries within the state of Florida.

DLXS

Digital Library eXtension Service, digital content delivery software suite from the University of Michigan.

DR

Disaster Recovery, a plan for protecting and reinstituting system data and functionality in the case of a serious event affecting local facilities or services

Drupal

An open source content management platform powering millions of websites and applications.

DW

Data Warehouse, a collection of tables containing Aleph, SFX and NOTIS records organized and normalized for reporting.

EAD

Encoded Archival Description, the international standard for encoding archival finding aids using eXtensible Markup Language (XML).

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange is the structured transmission of data between organizations by electronic means.

EDUCAUSE

Organization representing academic computing

ELUNA

Ex Libris Users of North America

Encore Duet

The next gen discovery tool from Innovative Interfaces.  Encore Duet  provides an integrated results set that includes local content plus full-text articles from EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS).  Full integration with the Sierra Library Services Platform ILS provides deep indexing and real-time data that provides a comprehensive discovery experience for any library user.

Enhancement Request

A request from a customer for additional functionality beyond the current system functionality. An enhancement request is different from a service request because it indicates that FLVC  has not previously agreed to fulfill this request within an expected time frame.

EPrints

Open source software for departmental and institutional repositories.

EPub

Electronic publication is an e-book standard for "reflowable" content from the International Digital Publishing Forum.  EPub uses XHTML or DTBook.

ERM

Electronic Resource Management System from Innovative Interfaces that coordinates electronic journal subscriptions and distribution.

ETD

Electronic Theses and Dissertations. The Electronic Theses & Dissertations (ETD) program provides storage, web access, and access restriction/ embargoes for ETDs. The ETD program is open to any college or university that wishes to host student-produced materials related to graduation requirements, including (but not limited to): theses, dissertations, senior projects, honors theses, projects in lieu of theses, etc. The service hosts the materials, produces a MARC record for the library catalog to aid in access, and handles embargoes and access restrictions.

ETL

Extract / Transform / Load

Ex Libris

Vendor of Aleph, Primo, Alma, Metalib, and SFX software.

EZproxy

EZproxy server from OCLC which provides authenticated remote access to licensed content.

FACRL

Florida Association of College & Research Libraries

FACTS

The unofficial name of FCAAS, based on their legacy domain name FACTS.org, which was conceived as Florida's one-stop statewide student advising system, now a part of FLVC.

FALSC

Florida Academic Library Services Cooperative

FCC

The three-letter Aleph code for the union catalog of the Florida College System.

FCF

FLVC’s OCLC institution code.

FCS

The Florida College System, the 28 public two- and four-year colleges in the State of Florida.

FDA

Florida Digital Archive, a preservation repository operated by FLVC with no online presentation of archived material.

FEL

Florida Electronic Library of the Department of State initiative sponsors Florida on Florida, The Florida Memory Project, FloridaCat, and the Ask a Librarian service.

FEOL

Florida Environments Online, a collection in PALMM.

Ferberization

Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, see FRBR.

FH

Florida Heritage Collection.

FHQ

Florida Historical Quarterly, a publication.

Fixity

The state of being unchanged, or fixed – a term used in digital preservation.

Fixity checks

Calculate message digests and compare them to stored values. DAITSS uses two different digests calculated by different algorithms for each file. Corrupt files are automatically replaced with uncorrupted master copies when possible.

FLA

Florida Library Association

FLA-PASS 

 

Florida Library Access – Pass for Accelerated Secondary Students, an FLVC-provided portal to state-funded e-resources for accelerated high school students.

FLARE

Florida Academic Repository, a collaborative venture among the members of the Florida State University System (SUS) Libraries and the University of Miami. A Statewide Storage Task Force (SSTF) was established with membership from all eleven SUS Libraries, as well as representatives from the Independent College and Universities of Florida and the Florida College System.

FLIN

Florida Library Information Network

FCAAS

Florida Center for Advising and Academic Support, served as Florida's one-stop statewide student advising system and maintained the FACTS.org site, now a part of FLVC.

Florida Digital Archive

Provides a cost-effective, long-term preservation repository for digital materials in support of teaching and learning, scholarship, and research in the state of Florida. The services of the FDA are available to public university libraries in Florida and their partners. The FDA utilizes the Dark Archive In The Sunshine State (DAITSS) software.

Florida Online Journals (Florida OJ)

A scholarly research online publication service that uses the Open Journal System publishing platform. FLVC will work with faculty directly, or through the library, to publish and/or produce their open access journals. FLVC provides a number of services for electronic scholarly journals under the Florida OJ program, including publishing electronic journals from scratch, hosting electronic journals, and providing access to licensed commercial journals no longer supported by the publisher. Any department, group, or scholarly society associated with a Florida public university or college is welcome to apply to have a journal hosted with Florida OJ.

Florida on Florida  (FOF):

Florida on Florida is an aggregated metadata repository of digital materials related to Florida. It includes all sorts of items including maps, photographs, postcards, books, and manuscripts. The materials in Florida On Florida come from digital collections held by libraries, archives, museums, and historical societies throughout Florida. FLVC supports this service by hosting and maintaining the metadata aggregation system, and by running quarterly OAI-PMH harvests of metadata to update the repository. Any Florida institution with OAI-PMH serving capabilities is welcome to contribute metadata to this project, co-hosted by the Florida Electronic Library.

FLR

Florida Lambda Rail. High-speed network for Florida. Also referred to as “lightrail.”

FLVC

Florida Virtual Campus

FLVC Learn

Umbrella service comprising all FLVC education and training

FRBR

Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, a model developed by IFLA which allows users to define relationships between the entities (e.g. books) that provide links to navigate through the relationships, creating new search paths.

GODOT

Generalized Online Documents, Ordering, and Texts is an open source OpenURL link resolver from reSearcher.

GoodEAD

Pre-validator for EAD information on packages submitted to DAITSS.

ICOLC

International Coalition of Library Consortia

ICUF

Independent Colleges and Universities, an association of 31 private, not-for-profit, educational institutions all based in Florida and accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges & Schools (SACS) and partially state-funded.

IFLA

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions international body representing the interests of library and information services into the Concept Development process.

ILL

Interlibrary Loan allows patrons to borrow books from a location other than their home library.

ILS

Integrated library system (also known as a library management system).

IMLS

Institute of Museum and Library Services, the primary source of federal support for libraries and museums.

Ingest

The  process of data intake into the digital archives. For every combination of file format and FDA project code, one of three preservation levels must be specified - full, bit, or none. This ingest specification is defined by the agreement with the source library.

Innodb

Database storage engine from Oracle with strong data protection and indexing features.

INN-Reach

Innovative Interfaces’ user-initiated consortial borrowing system.

IP Address (IP#)

Internet Protocol # is the internet network identifier address associated with your computer hardware.

IR

Institutional Repository, disseminates an institution’s intellectual products, often managed by the university's library.

ISBN

International Standard Book Number, a unique identifying code representing a published work.

ISSN

International Standard Serial Number, a unique identifying code representing a periodical publication.

ISO

International Standards Organization.

Islandora

The open-source software framework designed to help institutions and organizations and their audiences collaboratively manage, and discover digital assets using a best-practices framework used by FLVC. FLVC hosts and maintains the Islandora digital library platform for participating institutions. The FLVC Islandora installation is called “FL-Islandora” and enables participant institutions to manage and present their digital assets on a shared system managed by FLVC. Each participating institution has its own FL-Islandora site with  institution-specific branding of the site and its collections, and also has the option to share se­lected collections with a shared site.

JAbbr

Journal abbreviations

LAPS

Library Automated Processing Service

LC

 Library of Congress, also "LoC"

LCCN

Library of Congress Control Number used in cataloging.

Learning Resources Standing Committee (LRSC)

A subcommittee of the Council on Instructional Affairs (CIA) for the Florida College System for librarians.

LFNH

Linking Florida's Natural Heritage, virtual library of Florida ecological information
Lightweight Directory Application Protocol (LDAP): a standards-based directory information service (e.g. usernames and passwords) to provide unified logins for multiple servers and services.

Library Automated Processes Service (LAPS)

A library service which focuses on batch processes for loading, deleting and updating records such as OCLC records, acquisition records, DDA etc.

Library Services Team

(LST)

This team is charged to investigate, prioritize, recommend, and coordinate implementation and delivery of library services.

Liferay

The horizontal application portal used by FLVC to build outward-facing websites.

LINCC

Library Information Network for Cooperative Content

LINCCWeb

Search interface formerly used by Florida’s college libraries.

Link Resolver

Or "link-server," parses the elements of an OpenURL and provides links to appropriate targets for full text articles available through a library database.

LMS

Library Management System, software to coordinate collections, acquisitions and administrative functions.  Or Learning Management System , software used to host online courses.

Lyrasis

A regional membership organization for libraries and information professionals, the merger of PALINET and SOLINET.

Mango

An FLVC-created web application that uses the SOLR search engine and repository to ease searching across catalogs.

MARC

Machine-Readable Cataloging, MARC formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information in machine-readable form.

Metadata

Data about other data, especially descriptors for cataloging and searching digital files and objects.

MetaLib

The metasearch software product from Ex Libris group used by FLVC.

Metasearch

A search within other search engines' results, a form of search aggregation.

METS

Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard, the standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library in XML.

MHI

Merged Headings Index, a file which contains established and alternative headings (cross-references) that might be selected in a search.

Microsoft Dynamics

The customer relationship management (CRM) system from Microsoft Corporation used by FLVC.

MLC

Multi-type Library Cooperative.

MOBIUS

A non-profit consortium of 75 member institutions, primarily academic located in Missouri which provides INN-Reach, a union catalog and resource sharing tool from Innovative Interfaces as well as their Sierra Platform.

MyLibrary

Provided by Innovative Intefaces, MyLibrary is a patron-facing mobile application that allows users to access their library’s resources right from their mobile device.

MXF

Metadata eXchange Format, a locally-developed format for information about digital files, used for communicating within FLVC and client libraries.

Nagios

Nagios is a monitoring system that enables organizations to identify and resolve IT infrastructure problems before they affect critical business processes.

NCIP

NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol for exchange of data regarding ILL and controlled access to e-resources.

NEDCC

Northeast Document Conservation Center, conservation and imaging service provider.

NEFLIN

Northeast Florida Library Information Network, Multi-type Library Cooperative

Next-Gen ILS

Next generation system integrated library system. Characteristics of next-generation system include:

  • Flexible configuration to facilitate cooperation among FALSC libraries, vendors, and other consortium partners
  • Supports the complex needs of a large consortium
  • Integrates print, electronic, and digital resource management
  • Offers workflows that exceed current ILS capabilities; streamlines tasks and reduces staff work time
  • Unified dashboard that improves the user experience for library personnel
  • Employs an agile development process that is responsive to user input
  • Includes an extensible platform that allows customization by FLVC and individual institutions
  • Integrated and customizable analytics tools for library reporting needs
  • Delivers as many services as possible in real-time
  • Accepts metadata formats other than MARC

NFAIS

National Federation of Abstracting and Information Services, a membership organization for groups that aggregate, organize and facilitate access to information.

NISO

National Information Standards Organization

NOTIS

Northwestern Online Total Integrated System, a library software product, used by the legacy SUS organization, succeeded by Aleph.

NSDL

National Science Digital Library of the NSF

NSF

National Science Foundation

OAI

Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards to facilitate dissemination of content.

OAIS

Open Archival Information System, ISO standard best practice reference model for long term archiving and preservation.

OBC

Offline Backup Circulation

OCLC

Online Computer Library Center software provider (formerly Ohio College Library Center). Facilitates cataloging bibliographic records and interlibrary loan information on a national level.

OJS

Open Journal Systems, open source web application for publishing academic journals; Visitors can browse journals as a hierarchy of volumes, issues, and articles; journal editors can accept articles from researchers, edit, approve and assemble them into issues, and publish them.

OLE Project

Open Library Environment Project, group working towards a "design for the next-generation of library automation services."

OPAC

Online Public Access Catalog abbreviated as OPAC or simply Library Catalog, an online database of materials held by a library or group of libraries.

OpenLDAP

An open source software version of Lightweight Directory Application Protocol (LDAP).

Open Source Software (OSS)

A non-proprietary software (or hardware) often developed and supported by a community of developers.

OpenURL

A link pointing to the copy of the library resource most appropriate to the context of the request, a combination of a base URL and a query string which contains contextual data.

Oracle

An object-relational database management system from the Oracle Corporation used by the integrated library system and other applications at FLVC.

PALMM

Publication of Archival, Library & Museum Materials, an umbrella program supporting the cooperative building of shared collections using common standards. It is a cooperative initiative of the public universities of Florida to provide digital access to important source materials for research and scholarship. The majority of PALMM’s materials focus on Florida subjects. Its projects may involve a single university, or be a collaborative effort between a university and partners within, or outside, of the state university system. Any public university or college in Florida may apply to share digital collections in PALMM.

Pathfinder Pro

The link resolver from Innovative Interfaces. Patrons get dynamically-generated Pathfinder Pro links to subscription databases, websites, special collection databases, book reviews, journal articles in full-text, or e-books.

PCI

Primo Central Index, for some institutions Mango integrates Primo articles with library content within the Mango search also used by colleges using Primo.

PDA

Patron Driven Acquisition, also referred to as demand-driven acquisition, is a method used by libraries for collection development where monographs are purchased at their point of need when selected by users from a pool of potential titles.

PLAN

Panhandle Library Access Network (Multi-type Library Cooperative)

PostgreSQL (Postgres)

An open source object-relational database management system.

PREMIS

A data dictionary created by the Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies, a (now retired) working group of OCLC and RLG.

Primo

A discovery tool from Ex Libris group used by some college libraries through FLVC.

Proxy

A stand-in network address or server, used with access-controlled systems to make a client appear to be "local" to the network where a resource is located, so that the client's connection will be accepted.

PURL

Persistent Uniform Resource Locator, a URL which won't change over time.

PxPROD

In Aleph, place where Production databases are re-indexed so that PROD is not bogged down.

RDA

Resources Description and Access

RDF

Resource Description Framework, is the W3C standard for encoding knowledge for automated aggregation and searching. Created as an XML metadata standard, it allows definitions of relationships between real-world ideas, people and things. a name="RDP">RDP.

reSearcher

An open source project of the Simon Fraser University Library.

Resource Sharing Standing Committee (RSSC)

An FLVC advisory committee charged  to:

  • Develop a set of statewide resource sharing guidelines for colleges and universities.
  • Establish principles to facilitate the integration of resource sharing (e.g., the SUS UBorrow service) among both entities.
  • Recommend services to enhance resource sharing.
  • Coordinate with relevant FLVC staff and other committees and report to the Executive Committee .

Secure Token Service (STS)

The method used to programmatically interface with different data sources.

SEFLIN

Southeast Florida Library Information Network (Multi-type Library Cooperative MLC)

Service Request

A request from a customer for information, advice or a standard change.

SFX

The openURL link resolver software from Ex Libris group.

SGML

Standard Generalized Markup Language, an ISO Standard metalanguage in which one can define markup languages for documents.

Sierra

The next-generation cloud-based integrated library system that FALSC will be moving to in 2017. This platform from Innovative Interfaces Inc. provides an integrated approach to library management automation with open systems architecture and a web-based interface for library staff. It has:

  • Integrated digital asset management capabilities
  • SQL-based database with Sierra DNA Documentation
  • APIs for integration with other applications
  • Updated staff user experience including facets, Web-style browsing, rich browse screens, and more
  • Mobile work-lists optimized for tablets
  • Management dashboard with complete picture of library operations
  • Staff-friendly, powerful management and reporting

SIP

Submission Information Package, a CIP prepared for ingest into the FDA

SkyRiver

SkyRiver is a full-service cataloging utility that offers unlimited, one-click access to a growing database with more than 44 million unique, high-quality MARC records from the Library of Congress and CONSER. It also offers public domain metadata from SkyRiver customer libraries and hundreds of other contributing libraries.

SOA

Service Oriented Architecture

Sobek

SobekCM (alternately Sobek and Sobek CM), an open source software engine and suite of associated tools for digital libraries and digital repositories for galleries, libraries, archives, museums, colleges, universities, scholarly research projects as with the Digital Humanities, Research Data Collections, and more.  Used by UF and to be succeeded by Islandora.

SSH

Secure Shell (SSH) is a cryptographic network protocol for secure data communication, remote command-line login, remote command execution, and other secure network services between two networked computers.

STP

Switch to Production

SUL

State University Libraries

SUS

State University System (SUS), the thirteen public universities in the state of Florida.

SUSHI

Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative protocol, a NISO standard for improving the efficiency and consistency of the collecting and reporting of usage statistics.

SUS

State University System of Florida

SWFLN

Southwest Florida Library Information Network (Multi-type Library Cooperative)

TBLC

Tampa Bay Library Consortium, a cooperative of approximately 100 libraries in 12 counties, part of the interlibrary loan system providing ground delivery of books and resources.

Technical Services Standing Committee  (TSSC)

Technical Services Standing Committee for FLVC.  Charged to:

  • Assist and advise the FLVC MCLS regarding all technical services issues in a statewide environment. Scope of committee work includes, but is not limited to, acquisitions, cataloging, preservation, and serials.
  • Propose, review, and evaluate procedures and guidelines that support technical work products and training, focusing on the quality and effectiveness of technical operations and catalog functionalities in a complex academic environment that includes multiple types and sizes of libraries and materials.
  • Work with other committees and task forces, solicit ideas and disseminate best practices using multiple communication mechanisms to enhance the exchange of necessary consortial initiatives in a cooperative statewide academic setting.

TIPR

Towards Interoperable Preservation Repositories, an IMLS grant project with NYU and Cornell to create a model for repository-to-repository transfer between heterogeneous systems.

UBorrow

Unmediated borrowing of resources from remote libraries beyond the standard interlibrary loan process that currently requires Mango.

User Interfaces Standing Committee (UISC)

Advise the FLVC MCLS regarding service interface options for library users. Scope of committee work includes, but is not limited to:

  • Online discovery tools, online catalog, interfaces on web and mobile devices, and support sites, taking into consideration issues such as accessibility and multiple languages.
  • Group will liaise with other FLVC committees and task forces as appropriate.

UXU

The three-letter Aleph abbreviation for the union catalog of the SUS.

VPN

Virtual Private Network, software which makes a client appear local to a remote network.

WebBridge LR

An online patron-service tool from Innovative Interfaces that provides OpenURL linking to full text article content from citations in external reference databases. It facilitates linking to the appropriate and available electronic copy by matching against the journals you have and their coverage dates.

XHTML-X

EXtensible HyperText Markup Language, a markup language that has the same depth of expression as HTML, but also conforms to XML syntax.

XML

EXtensible Markup Language, an SGML which allows authors to define and use their own tags.

Xymon

A network monitoring application using free software, operates under the GNU, General Public License. Iits central server runs on Unix and Linux hosts.

Z39.50

ANSI standard for computer-to-computer communications and retrieval.